Review of Land use and land cover change and its Causes, consequences and environmental implications in highlands of Ethiopia
Land use-cover (LULC) is one of the crucial environmental phenomena that affect many parts of the earth’s systems including climate, hydrology, biodiversity and fundamental sustainability of land resources on the earth. Anthropogenic factors are responsible for major land use and land cover changes (LULCC). The purpose of this review paper is to assess the LULCC causes, consequences and environmental implications in high land Ethiopia. At the regional and national scales, these changes have profound implications for national radiation and energy balances, alterations in biogeochemical cycles, perturbations in hydrological cycles and loss of biodiversity at genetic and species levels. At the local scale, changes in the use of land and its cover affect watershed runoff, micro-climatic resources, groundwater tables, processes of land degradation and landscape level biodiversity. All these have direct impacts on livelihoods of local communities. These multifaceted environmental impacts can affect immensely food security and sustainable development. Biodiversity is reduced when land is changed from a relatively undisturbed state to more intensive uses like farming, livestock grazing, selective tree harvesting, etc. Population growth, deforestation, institutional factors and built-up land were found to be major causes of LULCC.
Abera Y and Belachew T (2011). Effects of land use on soil organic carbon and nitrogen in soils of Bale, South Eastern Ethiopia. J. Trop. Subtrop. Agroecosyt. 14, 229-235.
Agbede TM (2010). Tillage and fertilizer effects on some soil properties, leaf nutrient concentrations, growth and sweet potato yield on an Alfisol in southwestern Nigeria. Soil & Tillage Research 110(1), 25-32.
Alemu G (2008) Forest covers change detection in Goba district using GIS &RS: Department of Earth Sciences. (Unpublished MA Thesis) in Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
Asfaw B (2014). Modeling the Effect of Climate and Land Use Change on the Water Resources in Northern Ethiopia: the Case of Suluh River Basin (MSc Thesis).Department of Earth Sciences, Institute of Geographic Sciences, FreieUniversität Berlin.
Assefa, E.; Bork, H.(2016). Dynamics and driving forces of agricultural landscapes in Southern Ethiopia: A case study of the Chencha and Arbaminch areas. J. Land Use Sci. 2016, 11, 278– 293.
Barbier, E.B.; Hochard, J.P (2016). Does land degradation increase poverty in developing countries? PLoS ONE, 11, 1–12.
Bewket W (2002). Land Cover Dynamics Since the 1950s in Chemoga Watershed, Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia. Mountain Research and Development 22(3), 263-269.
Bewket W, Sterk G (2005). Dynamics in land cover and its effect on stream flow in the Chemogawatershed, Blue Nile basin. Ethiopia, Hydrol Process 19: 445-458.
EFAP (Ethiopian Forestry Action Program) (1993). Ethiopian Forestry Action Program: The Challenge for Development. Volume 2. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Ministry of Natural Resources Development and Environmental Protection.
Ellis E (2011). Land-use and land-cover change. Encyclopedia of Earth. Available at http://www.eoearth.org/article/ Land-use and land-cover change.
European Union Delegation to Ethiopia (EUDE) (2016).Assessing the root causes of recurring food insecurity in Ethiopia; EUDE: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
FAO (2016).Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015: Desk Reference; Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations: Rome, Italy; Available online: http://www.fao.org/3/a- i4808e.pdf (accessed on 21 September 2016).
FDRE(2011). Ethiopia’s Climate-Resilient Green Economy Strategy; Environmental Protection Authority: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; p. 188
Gebrelibanos T, Assen M (2013). Effects of Land-Use/Cover Changes on Soil Properties in a Dryland Watershed of Hirmi and its Adjacent Agro Ecosystem: Northern Ethiopia. International Journal of Geosciences Research 1(1), 45-57.
Gebreselassie Y (2002). Selected chemical and physical characteristics of soils Adetresearch center and its testing sites in North-Western Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Natural Resources 4(2): 199-215.
Gerold D, Dagnachew N. (2012). Land Use Land Cover Change in the Katar Catchment, Ziway Watershed, Etiopia.
Getachew M. (2013). The impact of Land use change on the hydrology of the Angereb Watershed, Ethiopia. International Journal of Water sciences.
Hailu T, Negash L, Olsson M (2000). Millettiaferruginea from southern Ethiopia: Impacts on soil fertility and growth of maize. Agroforestry Systems 48, 9-24.
Hurni H (1988). Degradation and conservation of the resources in the Ethiopian highlands. Mountain Research and Development 8, 122-130.
Hurni H (1993). Land degradation, famine and land resource scenarios in Ethiopia. In: Pimentel D, editor. World Soil Erosion and Conservation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp 27-61.
Jones, A. J., R. Lal, and D. R. Huggins (1997). Soil erosion and productivity research: A regional approach. Am J of Alter Agri (12): 185-192.
Kassa Tadele, GerdFörch (2007). Impact of Land Use/Cover Change on Streamflow: The Case of Hare River Watershed, Ethiopia. Catchment and Lake Research LARS
Kebede F, Yamoah C (2009). Soil fertility status and Numass fertilizer recommendation of Typic Hapluusterts in the Northern Highlands of Ethiopia. World Applied Science Journal 6, 1473- 1480.
Khreast S, Al-Bakir J, Al-Tahhn R (2008). Impacts of land use/cover changes on soil properties in the Mediterranean region of north western Jordan. Land degradation and development 19, 397- 407.
Legesse D, Coulomb CV, Gasse F (2003). Hydrological response of a catchment to climate and land use changes in Tropical Africa: case study South Central Ethiopia.Journal of Hydrology 275: 67-85.
Lemenih M (2004). Effects of Land Use Changes on Soil Quality and Native FloraDegradation and Restoration in the Highlands of Ethiopia, Doctoral Thesis, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Swede.
Mekuria W, Veldkamp E (2005). Impacts of Land Use Changes on Soil Nutrients and Erosion in Tigray, Ethiopia. Conference on International Agricultural Research for Development, Stuttgart- Hohenheim, October 11-13, 2005.
Minta, M.; Kibret, K.; Thorne, P.; Nigussie, T.; Nigatu, L. Land use and land cover dynamics in Dendi- Jeldu hilly-mountainous areas in the central Ethiopian highlands.
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MoARD).Ethiopian Strategic Investment Framework for Sustainable Land Management; MoARD: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2010; p. 158.
Mojiri A, Emami N, Ghafari N (2011). Effects of land use changes on soil quality attributes
(a review). Res. J. Agri. Biol. Sci. 7, 1-3.
Muluneh A (2010). Synthesis of Research on Land Use and Land Cover Dynamics in the Ethiopian Highlands. UNU-Land Restoration Training Programme, Keldnaholt, 112. Reykjavik, Iceland. pp. 39.
Nega E, Heluf G (2013). Effect of Land Use Changes and Soil Depth on Soil Organic Matter, Total Nitrogen and Available Phosphorus Contents of Soils in Senbat Watershed, Western Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 8, 206-2012.
Nyssen J, Clymans W, Descheemaeker K, Poesen J, Vandecasteele I, Vanmaercke M, Zenebe
A, Van Camp M, Haile M, Haregeweyn N, Moeyersons J, Martens K, Gebreyohannes T, Deckers J, Walraevens K, (2011). Impact of soil and water conservation measures on catchment hydrological response a case in north Ethiopia. Hydrological Processes 24(13), 1880-1895.
Reid, R.S.; Kruska, R.L.; Muthui, N.; Taye, A.; Wotton, S.; Wilson, C.J.; Mulatu, W. (2000). Land- use and land-cover dynamics in response to changes in climatic, biological and socio-political forces: The case of southwestern Ethiopia. Landsc. Ecol., 15, 339–355.
Saikh H, Varadachari C, Ghosh K (1998b). Effects of deforestation and cultivation on soil CEC and contents of exchangeable bases: a case study in Simlipal National Park, India. Plant and Soil 204, 175-181.
Tekle K (2000). Land cover changes between 1958 and 1986 in Kalu District, Southern Wello, Ethiopia. Mountain Research and Development 20, 42-51.
Tornquist CG, Hons FM, Feagley SE, Haggar J (1999). Agroforestry system effects on soil characteristics of the Sarapiqui region of Costa Rica. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 73, 19-28.
Tufa DF, Abbulu Y, Srinivasarao GVR (2014). Watershed Hydrological response to changes in land use/cover pattern of River Basin: A review. International Journal of Civil, Structural, Environmental and Infrastructure Engineering Research and Development 4: 157-170.
Turner RK, Van der Berg JC, Soderquist A, Barendregt A, Vander JS, Maltby J, Ireland VE (2000). Ecological economic analysis of wetlands: scientific integration management and policy. Ecological Economics 35, 7-23.
Van Uffelen, J.-G (2013). From disaster response to predictable food security interventions: Structural change or structural reproduction? In Food Security, Safety Net and Social Protection in Ethiopia: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, pp. 147–176.
Wagesho, N. (2014). Catchment dynamics and its impact on runoff generation: Coupling watershed modelling and statistical analysis to detect catchment responses. Int. J. Water Resour. Environ. Eng., 6, 73–87.
WBISPP (Woody Biomass Inventory and Strategic Planning Project) (2005).A National Strategic Plan for the Biomass Energy Sector: Final Report; Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, p. 201.
Worku G, Bantider A, Temesgen H (2014). Effects of Land Use/Land Cover Change on Some Soil Physical and Chemical Properties in Ameleke micro-Watershed, Gedeo and Borena Zones, South Ethiopia. Journal of Environment and Earth Science 4(11), 13-24.
Yonas, B.; Beyene, F.; Negatu, L.; Angassa, A.(2013). Inﬂuence of resettlement on pastoral land use and local livelihoods in southwest Ethiopia.Trop.Subtrop. Agroecosyst., 16, 103–117.
Zewdie E (1999). Selected physical, chemical and mineralogical characteristics of major soils occurring in Chercher highlands, eastern Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Natural Resources 1(2), 173-185.
Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal For Research In Applied And Natural Science (ISSN: 2208-2085)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
In consideration of the journal, Green Publication taking action in reviewing and editing our manuscript, the authors undersigned hereby transfer, assign, or otherwise convey all copyright ownership to the Editorial Office of the Green Publication in the event that such work is published in the journal. Such conveyance covers any product that may derive from the published journal, whether print or electronic. Green Publication shall have the right to register copyright to the Article in its name as claimant, whether separately
or as part of the journal issue or other medium in which the Article is included.
By signing this Agreement, the author(s), and in the case of a Work Made For Hire, the employer, jointly and severally represent and warrant that the Article is original with the author(s) and does not infringe any copyright or violate any other right of any third parties, and that the Article has not been published elsewhere, and is not being considered for publication elsewhere in any form, except as provided herein. Each author’s signature should appear below. The signing author(s) (and, in