Infectious disease in diabetic and non-diabetic patients
Diabetes is a clinical syndrome caused by either lack of insulin or lack tissue response to insulin resulting in disorder of metabolism of different nutrients and affecting any system of body including immune system.
Aim of research was to find out the incidence of different infectious disease in diabetic and non-diabetic patients and comparison between the infectious disease in both Diabetic and non-diabetic groups. The study design was cross sectional. And was carried out in Nangarhar University Teaching Hospital from 2018 February to 2019 March on 200 diabetic and non-diabetic Afghani patients, 75(37.5%) diabetic and 125(62.5%) were non –diabetic. The age range of cases were 15 to 80 years. Among non-diabetic patients 72(57.6%) was male and 53(42.4%) female, while in diabetic patients 30(40%) was male and 45(60%) female
In the study we found that prevalence of urinary tract infection and COPD exacerbation were high in diabetic patient’s .COPD exacerbation was 17% in diabetic patients, in non-diabetic patients 4%,urinary tract infection was 46.7% in diabetic patients and 24% in non-diabetic patients, acute gastro enteritis in diabetic group were 13.4% while in non-diabetic group were 38.4%.The common cause or urinary tract infection in both groups was E coli, and the Sensitive drugs were amikacin clindamycin, imepenu, and gentamycin.
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