PLANKTON AND BENTHOS DISTRIBUTION OF RIVER DONGA, TARABA STATE, NORTH EAST, NIGERIA
Keywords:River, Anthropogenic, Productivity, Physicochemical, Biodiversity, Aquatic Ecosystem
A twelve (12) week investigation was carried out in River Donga, to determine the plankton and benthos distribution and abundance. Three sections of the River were sampled and human activities were considered in the choice of sampling stations. A total of thirty three (33) individual species of plankton and benthos were identified; sixteen (16) individual species belonging to phytoplanktons were harvested, eleven (11) individual species belonging to zooplanktons were harvested, while six (6) individual species belonging to benthos were also harvested in stations A, B and C respectively. They comprised of 31 families and 26 orders; the highest harvested individual species was C. radiates (100 species), while the least harvested individual species was A. lumbricoide (1 species). A total of 881 species of plankton and benthos were harvested 524 species (59.48%) belonging to phytoplanktons; 299 species (33.94%) belonging to zooplanktons were recorded, while 58 species (6.58%) belonging to benthos were also recorded. Analysis of variance (ANOVA P<0.05), Fisher’s Least Significant Difference (FLSD) and Pearson’s Correlation P<0.01 were used to test significant levels. The highest temperature value was (29.0±1.36ºC) in Station A; the least was (27.9±0.6 ºC) in station B. The highest Dissolved Oxygen was (8.08±0.22mg/L) in station B; the least was (7.32±0.5mg/L) in station A. The mean pH values were slightly acidic; the highest value was (6.71±0.62) in station A; the least value was (6.27±0.27) in station C. Electrical conductivity, though, the highest value was (16.07±0.25µs/cm) in Station C; the least was (15.58±0.52µs/cm) in station A. The highest turbidity value was (33.25±6.15cm) in station A; the least value was (32.08±4.54cm) in station B. The highest total dissolved solid value was (0.36±0.38ppm) in Station C; the least was (0.24±0.32ppm) in station A. The river was highly productive in terms of its plankton and benthos richness; it was recommended that the physico-chemical characteristics of the researched ecosystem will aid the culture of edible frogs and fish. Nevertheless, monitoring of human activities and the conservation of its natural resources is key to a sustainable biodiversity for food sovereignty and security to better lives as climate change bites.
Antai, E. E. and Joseph, A. P. (2015). Planktonic Abundance and Diversity in Great Kwa River, Cross River State, Nigeria. International Journal of Innovative Science, Engineering and Technology, 2:141-154.
Andrew, C., Aremu, M. O., Oko, O. J., and Shenge, G. A., (2017). Seasonal analysis of water quality in two settlements of Wukari local government area, Taraba state, Nigeria.
APHA. (2005). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 21st Edition American Public Health Association, Washington DC. USA, 2005.
Agardh, V. (1824). Melosira varians was a French naturalist, officer and politician, Biologist and geographer, hen was particularly interested in volcanology, systematic and botany. The standard author abbreviation Bory is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.
Adesalu, T. A., Kunrunmi, O. A. and Lawal, M. O., (2015). Plankton and Microbenthos Communities of Fresh water Habitats in Kogi State, North-Central Nigeria. Volume 21, No. 1, pages 35- 53.
Agouru, C.U. and Audu, G. (2012). Studies on the range of plankton in River Benue, North central, Nigeria, Western Africa.Greener Journal of Biological Sciences 2(2), 028-034.
Alexander, J. H. and Charles, R. G. (1994). Limnology (2nd ed.). New York, McGraw-Hall, Inc. P. 226. Anene, A. (2003). Seasonal dynamics in plankton abundance and diversity of freshwater body in Etche, Nigeria.
Azrina, M. Z., Yap, C. K., Rahim, I. A., Ismail, A. and Tan, S. G. (2005). Anthropogenic Impacts on the distribution and biodiversity of benthic macroinvertebrates and water quality of the Langat River, Peninsular Malaysia, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 16, 184–210.
Atobatele, O. E., Morenikeji, O. A., and Ugwumba, O. A., (2005). Spatial Variation in Physical and Chemical Parameters and Benthic Macroinvertebrate Fauna of River Ogunpa, Ibadan. The Zoologist 3: 58-67.
Ansa, E. J., kingdom, T. and Seikorowei, B. (2015). Checklist of plankton of forcados river, Niger delta, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Fisheries Vol. 12 (2) 2015
Anderson, I. Ousmane, D., Martha, J. and Jean-claude, O., (2006). The Niger river Basin: A vision for sustainable management.
Archer, W. (1861). Cosmarium botrytis. Was an Irish naturalist and microscopist especially interested in Protozoa and Desmids.
Adak, A., Ezekwe, I. C. and Arokoyu, S. B. (2002). Health implication of physico-chemical parameters in drinking water from parts of Gokana Local Government Area of River state, Nigeria.
Ameen, M. (1987). Fisheries, resources and opportunities in freshwater fish culture in Bangladesh.
Barau, B.W., Bature, A. A., Bingari, S. M., David, D. L., Danba E. P., Hammanjoda, S. A., Azuchukwuene, C. G. and Fauziya, K. M. (2020). Plankton diversity in the upper Benue river of Taraba state, Nigeria. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 2020; 8(2): 120-125.
Burmeister, H. (1834). Cyloid copepod. Was a German Argentine zoologist, entomologist, herpetologist, botanist and coleopterologist.
Bory, S. (1822). Navicula gracilis. Was a French naturalist, officer and politician, Biologist and geographer, he was particularly interested in volcanology, systematic and botany.
Dang, P.A. (1862). Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Was a botanist and mycologist known for his investigations of sexual reproduction in fungi.
Ehrenberg, C. G. (1848). Closterium gracile. Was a German naturalist, zoologist, comparative anatomist, geologist, and microscopist. Ehrenberg was an evangelist and was considered to be of the most famous and productive scientists of his time.
Endah, D. H., Rini, B. H. and Sri, D. (2018). Plankton and benthos similarity indices as indicators of the impact of mangrove plantation on the environmental quality of silvofishery ponds. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity · July 2018 v(19) pg 1558-1567.
Ehrenberg, C. G. (1830). Euglena gracilis was a German naturalist, zoologist, comparative anatomist, geologist, and microscopist. Ehrenberg was an evangelist and was considered to be of the most famous and productive scientists of his time.
Elijah, M. I. and John, C. (2019). Fish Species Composition and Abundance of River Taraba in Bali Town, Taraba State, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences, 14(1), 50-57.
Ehrenberg, C.G. (1831). Dugesia sp. Was a German naturalist, zoologist, comparative anatomist, geologist,and microscopist, was one of the most famous and productive scientists of his time. Ehrenberg was an evangelist.
Ewebiyi, F. O., Appah, J. and Ajibade, G. A. (2015). The taxonomy, distribution and diversity of phytoplankton in some water bodies in Kaduna Metropolis, Nigeria.
Ehrenberg, C. G. (1839). Coscinodiscus radiates. was a German naturalist, zoologist, comparative anatomist, geologist, and microscopist. Ehrenberg was an evangelist and was considered to be of the most famous and productive scientists of his time.
Fang, Y., Wang Y., Liu Y., Xu , H. and Zhenbo, L. (2012). Feature of Phytoplankton Community and Canonical Correlation Analysis with Environmental Factors in Xiaoqing River Estuary in autumn. Proc. Eng., 37 (2012) 19-24.
Goeze, J. A. (1782). Ascaris lumbricoide. Was a German zoologist, born in Aschersleben. He is known for the discovery of tardigrades, also called water bears.
Gurney, R. (1904). Moina belli. Was a British zoologist from the Gurney family, most famous for his monographs on British Freshwater Copepoda and the Larvae of Decapod Crustacea.
Gervais, P. (1848). Tilapia zillii ova. Froese Rainer and Pauly, Danieleds. (2016). Coptodon zillii in Fish Base September 2016 version.
George, A. D. I., Abowei, J. F. N. and Daka, E. R. (2009). Benthic macroinvertebrate fauna and physico-chemical parameters in Okpoka Creek sediments, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Int. J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 1, 59-65.
Gajbhiye, S. N. (2002). Zooplankton study methods, importance and significant esteracies and mangroves, 28th November to 30th November, Thene edited by Quadros. G. 21-27.
Hmilne, E. (1840). Copepode sp. was an eminent French zoologist.
Hassall, P. (1845). Nitzschia gracile. Was a British physician, chemist and microscopist who is primarily known for his work in public health and food safety.
Komala, H. P., Nanjundaswamy, L. and Devi, P. A. G. (2013). Assessment of plankton diversity abundance of Arkavathi River with reference to pollution. Advance in Applied Science Research, 2013; 4(2):320-324.
Kumar, S., Jain, V. and Raghuvanshi, S. K. (2021). Physico-Chemical characteristics of Akshar Vihar pond in Bareilly, U. P. International Journal of Advanced Research in Biological Sciences ISSN: 2348-8069 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.22192/ijarbs.2021.08.03.004
Kofoid, C. A., (1929). Tintinnid sp. was an American zoologist known for his collection and classification of many new species of marine protozoans which established marine biology on a systematic basis.
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Lumbricus terrestris. Was a Swedish botanist, zoologist, taxonomist, and Physician who formalised binomial nomenclature, the modern system of naming organisms.
Lyngbye, C. (1819). Fragilaria pectinalis. was a Danish priest and botanist, specialising inalgae.
Lemmemann, k. (1907). Microcystis flos-aquae. Was a French naturalist, officer and politician, Biologist and geographer, he was particularly interested in volcanology, systematic and botany.
Linnaeus, C. (1904). O. niloticus larvae. Was a Swedish botanist, zoologist, taxonomist, and Physician who formalised binomial nomenclature, the modern system of naming organisms.
Manjappa, S., Suresh, B. and Puttaiah, E. T. (2009). Dynamics of phytoplanktons succession in tungabhadra River near Harihar, Karnataka (india).
Muller, M. and Otto, F. (1785). Daphnia pulex. was a Danish naturalist and scientific illustrator.
Mathivanan, V. and Jayakumar, S. (2007). The studies on plankton fluctuation in a reservoir of Annamalainagar. Proceedings of the national symposium on recent trends in Indian wild life research, AVC college, Mayiladuthurai, Tamilnadu, India.
Micheal, A. (1930). Lumbricus terrestris. Was a Swedish botanist, zoologist, taxonomist, and Physician who formalised binomial nomenclature, the modern system of naming organisms
Muller, M. and Otto, F. (1776). Hydranidia sp. was a Danish naturalist and scientific illustrator..
Meyen, A. (1829). Pediastrium duplex. Was a Prussian physician and botanist. he studied medicine at the University of Berlin, followed by service as a military surgeon at the Charité in Berlin.
Nwagba, J. O., Uka, A. and Igbani, F. (2022). Seasonal variation and plankton physico-chemical of Omeremaduche River, Abia state, Niger delta, Nigeria. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic studies. 10(2):17-26. DOI:https://doi.org/10.22271/fish.2022.v10.2a. 2645. www. Fisheries jounal.com
Nees, E. (1820). Spirogyra maxima. was a prolific German botanist, physician, zoologist, and natural philosopher.
Nanasaheb, C. K. and Sarita, W. (2012). Biodiversity of phytoplankton, zooplankton and zoobenthos in east coast, Bay of Bengal near Nellore, Andhra pradesh (india).
Ogbuagu, D. and Ayoade, A. (2021). Seasonal dynamics in plankton abundance and diversity of a freshwater body in Etche, Nigeria. Environment and Natural Resources Research.2012; 2(2):48-59.
Olaifa, F. E. and Leilei, K. E. (2007). A study of the Plankton and Benthos of Ekoli River in Bayelsa State Nigeria. Asset series A. 2007;7(1):144-150 Onyema, I. C., Okpara, C., Ogbebor, C. I., Otudeko, O. and Nwankwo, D. I. (2007). Comparative studies of the water chemistry characteristics and temporal plankton variations at two polluted sites along the Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria. Ecology, Environment and Conservation, 13, 1, 1–12.
Omudu, E. A. and Odeh, P. (2006). A survey of zooplankton and macroinvertebrates of Agi stream in Ojo Benue State and theirimplications for transmission of endemic diseases. Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal for the Tropics 3(2), 10-17
Ovie, S. I., Adepoju, F. and Ajayi, O. (2009). Limnological Stock Assessment, Productivity and Potential Fish Yield of Dadin Kowa and Kiri reservoirs.In: Ovie, S.I. and Ajayi, O. Preliminary Studies on the Limnological Stock Assessment, Productivity and Potential Fish Yield of Ojirami Reservoir, Edo State, Nigeria. Trop. Freshw. Biol., 18, 1, 1-8
Pallas, P. S. (1766). Brachionus calyflorus. Was a Prussian zoologist and botanist who worked in Russia.
Peg, V.P., Judy, Y.L. and Gary, H.W. (2012). A student’s Guide to Common Phytoplankton of Long Island Sound. P. 9-30.
Peragallo, A. (1891). Pleurosigma cuspidate. Was a French naturalist, officer and politician, Biologist and geographer, he was particularly interested in volcanology, systematic and botany. The standard author abbreviation Bory is used to indicate this person as th author when citing a botanical name.
Rosenberg, D. M. and Resh, V. H. (1993). Introduction to freshwater biomonitoring and benthic macroinvertebrates. Freshwater biomonitoring and benthic macroinvertebrates: Chapman and Hall, New York., 1-9.
Ronald, D. Z., John, D. M., and Macol, M. S. (1999). Source Water Quality for Aquaculture. A Guide for Assessment. Environmentally And Socially Sustainable Development. Rural Development. The World Washington, D. C. Copyright © 1999. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE BANK 1818 H Street, N. W. Washington, D. C. 20433, USA.
Sars, G. O. (1903). Calanoid sp. was a Norwegian marine and freshwater biologist. Suresh, B., Manjappa, S. and Puttaiah, E.T. (2009). The contents of zooplankton of the Tungabhadra River, near Harihar, Karanataka and the saprobiological analysis of water quality. J. Ecol. Nat. Environ., 1 (2009) 196-200.
Solomon, R. J. and Erondu, C. J. (2017). Identification of plankton (Zooplankton and Phytoplankton) behind girls’ hostel University of Abuja, Nigeria, Direct Research Journal of Public health and Environmental Technology, 29(3), 21-29
Sars, G. O. (1863). Gammarus roeseli was a Norwegian marine and freshwater biologist.
Stein, F. (1878). Volvox carteri. was a German naturalist, zoologist, comparative anatomist, geologist, and microscopist.
Turpin, k. (1833). Scenedesmus obliques. He was a Swiss botanist. He studied cell division and pollination but became known as the man who discouraged Gregor Mendel from further work on genetics.
Uduma, A. U. (2014). Physicochemical analysis of the quality of sachet water consumed in Kano metropolis. American Journal of Environment, Energy and Power Research 2: 1-10.
UNESCO (1968). UNESCO Reports Monographs on Oceanographic Methodology, Vol. 2, 153-159.
Ugwumba, A. A. and Esenowo, I. K. (2020). Anthropogenic impact on plankton and benthos assemblage in the Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria. Croatian Journal of Fisheries, 78, online first.
Usman, S., Bingari, M. S., Peter, D. D. and Vandi, S. (2019). Survey of zooplankton diversity and abundance and its relationship with physicochemical parameters in river Kashimbila takum, Taraba state, Nigeria.
Vaucler, B. (1822). Oscillatoria princeps. He studied theology at Geneva, was a pastor at the Church of Saint-Gervais; he was a professor of church history at the University of Geneva.
Vuuren, S., Taylor, J., Gerber, A. and Van Ginkel, C. (2006). Easy identification of the most common freshwater algae.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal For Research In Agricultural And Food Science
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
In consideration of the journal, Green Publication taking action in reviewing and editing our manuscript, the authors undersigned hereby transfer, assign, or otherwise convey all copyright ownership to the Editorial Office of the Green Publication in the event that such work is published in the journal. Such conveyance covers any product that may derive from the published journal, whether print or electronic. Green Publication shall have the right to register copyright to the Article in its name as claimant, whether separately
or as part of the journal issue or other medium in which the Article is included.
By signing this Agreement, the author(s), and in the case of a Work Made For Hire, the employer, jointly and severally represent and warrant that the Article is original with the author(s) and does not infringe any copyright or violate any other right of any third parties, and that the Article has not been published elsewhere, and is not being considered for publication elsewhere in any form, except as provided herein. Each author’s signature should appear below. The signing author(s) (and, in