International Journal For Research In Social Science And Humanities | ISSN: 2208-2697 2019-11-08T08:18:42+00:00 Virender Singh Open Journal Systems <p>Green Publication provides high quality research journals with monthly frequency, open access and double blind peer-reviewed. Green Publication providing a platform for the researchers, academicians, professional, practitioners and students to impart and share knowledge in the form of high quality empirical and theoretical research papers, case studies, literature reviews and book reviews.<br><span style="font-size: 1.5em;"><strong> <span style="color: black; text-shadow: #048204 0px 0px 3px;">Current Impact Factor: 2.754</span></strong></span></p> Adaptation, validation and application of the Healthcare Empowerment Questionnaire (HCEQ) in an Egyptian inpatient setting 2019-11-08T08:18:41+00:00 Basem Abdel-Aziz <p>Individual patient empowerment (IPE) is becoming a prominent priority for healthcare policy makers allover the globe. Ten-item Health Care Empowerment Questionnaire (HCEQ) was formally translated from English to Arabic and was used to measure IPE among inpatients in surgical and medical departments in an Egyptian university hospital. Factorial validity of the standard tridimensional HCEQ structure was established through global and local fit diagnostics. The unidimensional structure proved to be a non-viable option.&nbsp; A competing more parsimonious two-factor structure proved to be a viable but less well-fitting than the standard tridimensional model. Convergent validity was demonstrated via adequate subscales alpha coefficients, composite reliabilities, variances extracted, and weight and significance of item loadings. Discriminant validity was verified by moderate interfactor correlations and subscales composite reliabilities were greater than average variance extracted. Multiple group confirmatory analysis authenticated model's invariance across two randomly split subsamples, departments and genders. IPE was calibrated at items, subscales and overall scale levels and it was realized that IPE belonged to “Non-empowered” category at all levels of analysis. Significant - albeit weak- negative and positive relationships were respectively discerned between overall HCEQ score and age; and literacy. No significant associations were detected between overall HCRQ score and gender, marital state, department, employment status, rural/urban residence, and dwelling outside/inside Alexandria. Findings of the present study uncovered the worth of educating patients and training physicians about the import of IPE.</p> 2019-11-08T08:18:30+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal For Research In Social Science And Humanities | ISSN: 2208-2697