Influence of Parental Involvement On Academic Achievement Of Pupils In Public Primary Schools In Rachuonyo South Sub-County, Kenya
There is increased demand for academic achievement in public primary schools in the world today. Parents of pupils in public primary schools are often faced with unique challenges that hinder them from meeting their pupils’ needs in academic achievement. Statistics at Rachuonyo South Sub County Education Office (2018) indicated that only; 46% in 2013, about 42% in 2014, 39% in 2015, 37% in 2016, 37% in 2017 and 36.7 in 2018 of parents in Rachuonyo South Sub County got involved, this was a small percent as compared to other Sub Counties in Homa Bay County as compared to Suba, Rachuonyo North, Mbita, Rachuonyo, Ndhiwa, and Homa Bay which had better percentage in parental involvement from 2011 to 2018. The study was based on Cognitive Development Theory and conceptualized on how four variables interrelate. The study design was sequential explanatory. The study population consisted of 377 teachers, 660 parents, 75 head teachers and 2250 pupils drawn from 75 public primary schools. Stratified sampling technique was used to select 23 primary schools and 675 pupils, random sampling was used to select 23 head teachers, and purposive sampling was used to select 198 parents and 113 teachers. Validity of instruments was established by presenting the instruments to two of the supervisors for verification. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics; frequencies and percentages. Qualitative data was transcribed, reported, and presented in narratives.
Ahen, S. (2007). Parents’ Involvement: The Key to Improved Student Achievement. School Community Journal, 8(2), 9-19.
Bailey, L.B & Ross, T. (2004). The Effects of Interactive Reading Homework and Parent Involvement on Children’s Inference Responses. Early childhood Education Journal, 32(3), 173-178.
Bembenutty, H. (2011). The Last Word. An Interview with Harris Cooper-Research, Policies, Tips, and Current Perspectives on Homework. Journal of Advanced Academics, 22, 242-351.
Burns, R.C (2010). Parents and Schools: From Visitors to Partners. Washington DC: National Education Association.
Caspe, M.S. (2010). How Teachers Come to Understand Families. School Community Journal, 13, 115-131.
Chemagosi, M. J. (2012). “Influence of Parental Involvement on Academic Performance of Pre- School Children” Masters of Education Project Paper U.O.N. Retrieved from: http://ect.uonbi.ac.ke/node/948.
Cooper, H. (2014). Homework in the Home: How Student, Family, and Parenting-Style Differences Related to the Homework Process. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 25, 464-487.
Corno, L. (2010). Work Habits and Work Styles: Volition in Education. Teachers College Record, 106, 1669-1694.
Corno, L., & Xu, J. (2014). Homework as the Job of Childhood. Theory into Practice, 43(3), 227-233.
Creswell, J., & Miller, M. (2000). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.
Creswell, J., & Plano, C. (2007). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.
Dumont, H., Ludtke, O., Neumann, M., Nigglia, A., & Schnyder, I. (2012). Does Parental Homework Involvement Mediate the Relationship between Family Background and Educational outcome? Contemporary Educational Psychology, 37, 55-69.
Glewwe, P. & Kremer, M. (2006). “Many Children Left Behind? Textbooks and Test Scores in Kenya.” American Economic Journal: Applied Economic 1, no.1 (2009): 112-135.
Hill, N.E & Craft, S. (2013). Parental- School Involvement and Children’s School Performance: Mediated Pathways Among African American and Euro-American children. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95, 74-83.
Hoover-Dempsey, K., V., Walker, J. M., Sander, H. & Jones, K. (20110. Parent Involvement in Children’s Education: Why Does it Make A difference? Teacher College Records, 97,310-331.
Jeynes, W. H. (2010). The Salience of the Subtle Aspects of Parental Involvement and Encouraging that Involvement: Implications for School-Based Programs. Teachers college record, 112, 747-774.
Kariuki, S., N. (2014). Relationship Between Adolescents’ Perceptions on their Parents’ Behaviors and the Teenagers’ Non-illegal and Minor illegal Delinquency in Nairobi County Secondary Schools, Kenya: Kenyatta University.
Keith, T.Z. (2001). Does Parental Involvement Affect Eighth Grade Student Achievement? Structural Analysis of National Data. School psychology Review, 22,474-496.
Kothari, C.R. (2004). Research Methodology. Rajasthan: New Age International Publishers Limited. India.
Lacina-Gifford, L., & Gifford, R. (2004). Putting an End to the Battle over Homework. Education, 125(2), 279-281.
Lafaele, R. 2011. Barriers to Parental Involvement in Educatio: An Explanatory Model. Educational Review, 63(1):37-52.
Lewis, L. L., & Warin, A. (2012). Teaching Practices and Strategies to Involve Inner-City Parents at Home and in the School. Teaching and Teacher Education, 27 (1), 221-234.
Mugenda, O.M., & Mugenda A.G (2003). Research Methods: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches. Nairobi: Acts Press.
Muola, J.M (2010). The relationship Between Academic Achievement Motivation and Home Environment Among Standard Eight Pupils in Machakos, Education Research and Review Vol. 2, Issue 5, PP213-215.
Nunez, j., Suarez, n., Cerezo, R., Mourao, R., & Valley, A. (2015). Homework and Academic Achievement Across Spanish Compulsory Education. Educational Psychology.
Orodho, J. A. (2010). Techniques of Writing Research proposals and Reports, Maseno, Kanezja Publisher.
Patrikakou, E.N & Weissberg, R.P (2005). Parental Perception of Teachers Outreach and Parent Involvement in the Children Education. Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community. 20; 1-2, 103-119. Routledge.Patriakako.docx.
Pomerantz, E.M., Moorman, E.A., & Litwack, S.D. (2007). The How, Whom, and Why of Parents’ Involvement in Children’s Academic Lives” More is not Always better. Review of Educational Research, 77(3), 373-410.
Prior, S., & Gerard, M. R (2007). Family Involvement in Early Childhood Education: Research into Practice. New York: Thomson.
Siririka, G. (2007). An Investigation of parental involvement in the Development of their Children’s Literacy in A rural Namibia School. Unpublished Med Dissertation. Grahamstown. Rhodes University: http://eprints.ru.acza/935/01 siririka-MEd TRO7-184pdf (Accessed June 16 2008).
Sofie, M., Cabus, B & Aries, R. (2017). What do Parents Teach their Children? The Effects of Parental Involvement on Students’ Performance in Dutch Compulsory Education. Education Review: Vol 69: PP285-302.
Vygotsky, L. (1978). Mind in Society: The Development of Higher Psychological Processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Zimmerman, B. J. (2011). Homework Practices and Academic Achievement: The Ediating Role of Self-Efficacy and Perceived Responsibility Beliefs. Contemporary Journal 23(4): 614-628.
Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal For Research In Educational Studies (ISSN: 2208-2115)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
In consideration of the journal, Green Publication taking action in reviewing and editing our manuscript, the authors undersigned hereby transfer, assign, or otherwise convey all copyright ownership to the Editorial Office of the Green Publication in the event that such work is published in the journal. Such conveyance covers any product that may derive from the published journal, whether print or electronic. Green Publication shall have the right to register copyright to the Article in its name as claimant, whether separately
or as part of the journal issue or other medium in which the Article is included.
By signing this Agreement, the author(s), and in the case of a Work Made For Hire, the employer, jointly and severally represent and warrant that the Article is original with the author(s) and does not infringe any copyright or violate any other right of any third parties, and that the Article has not been published elsewhere, and is not being considered for publication elsewhere in any form, except as provided herein. Each author’s signature should appear below. The signing author(s) (and, in