IMPACT OF CERVICAL DYSPLASIA DIAGNOSIS ON HIV POSITIVE WOMEN AT THE DREAM CENTER, LANG’ATA NAIROBI COUNTY.
Cervical dysplasia is the abnormal growth of pre-cancerous cells on the surface of the cervix associated with the human papilloma virus (HPV), a sexually transmitted virus. The risk for cancer is lower for mild dysplasia. Cervical cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers that affect women and that leads to deaths worldwide. The ultimate purpose of the study was examining the impact and make recommendations on critical psychological issues that should be addressed at the Dream center, Lang’ata Nairobi County. The study was conducted through descriptive research design. The study population was HIV positive women diagnosed with cervical dysplasia at the Dream center, Lang’ata Nairobi County between the months of October 2013-September 2016. Target population was 50 HIV positive women diagnosed with cervical dysplasia in Dream center Lang’ata Nairobi County, out of 200 women diagnosed with the same condition between the months of October 2013 to September 2016. The study used systematic random sampling technique to select 25% of the target population. The sample size of the study was 50 possible respondents, 10 clinicians and 10 caregivers were also targeted in the study. The researcher carried out a pilot study using a sample with similar characteristics as the sample for the study. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. The organized data was interpreted on account of concurrence to objectives using assistance of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) computer packages and Microsoft Excel Data and Analysis Tool Packs to communicate research findings. Based on the limited literature currently available, treatment for cervical and vulvar dysplasia appears to have a negative impact on sexual health. Information should be made available on cervical dysplasia to HIV positive women to ease impacts of cervical dysplasia diagnosis.
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