Vol 5 No 7 (2019): International Journal For Research In Educational Studies (ISSN: 2208-2115)
Articles

Factors That Cause Differentiation in Academic Performance between Public and Private Primary Schools in Igembe North Subcounty, Meru County, Kenya

Janet Mwoburi Maore
School of Education and Social Sciences Kenya Methodist University (KeMU) P.O Box 267-60200 Meru, Kenya
Prof. N. J. Kathuri
School of Education and Social Sciences Kenya Methodist University (KeMU) P.O Box 267-60200 Meru, Kenya
Dr. Josephat K. Kigo
School of Education and Social Sciences Kenya Methodist University (KeMU) P.O Box 267-60200 Meru, Kenya
Published July 30, 2019
Keywords
  • Public Primary Schools,
  • Private Primary Schools,
  • Academic Performance,
  • Head Teachers,
  • Teachers Characteristics
How to Cite
Maore, J. M., Prof. N. J. Kathuri, & Dr. Josephat K. Kigo. (2019). Factors That Cause Differentiation in Academic Performance between Public and Private Primary Schools in Igembe North Subcounty, Meru County, Kenya. International Journal For Research In Educational Studies (ISSN: 2208-2115), 5(7), 15-36. Retrieved from https://gnpublication.org/index.php/es/article/view/1091

Abstract

Learners’ academic performance has lured the interest of scholars, parents, policy makers, planners and curriculum implementers. The main objective of schools is to ensure that learners achieve academic excellence. Private primary schools in Igembe North have been performing far much better than public primary schools. It is not clear as to what factors that cause this difference.This study aimed at investigating the factors that caused differentiation in academic performance between public and private primary schools in Igembe North sub county of Meru County, Kenya. The study employed expost-facto research design. The target population included 83 head teachers, 83 senior teachers and 3550 pupils, making a total of 3716 subjects. A sample of 250 respondents - 25 head teachers, 25 senior teachers, 200 pupils was randomly and proportionately drawn from the target population.  The researcher used questionnaires to collect data from the respondents.Pilot study was done in two schools outside Igembe North Sub County, to assess the quality of the instruments. Once the quality of the instruments was ascertained, the researcher visited the selected primary schoolsand planned with the school head teachers on data collection in their respective schools. After all the respective data was collected it was sorted out and then analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 18. Descriptive, t – test, and Chi square statistics, as well as, Pearson correlation analyses were used to analyze factors that cause differentiation in Academic performance between public and private primary schools in Igembe North Sub County. It was established that eight of the ten head teachers’ characteristics items significantly varied between private and public primary schools. Besides, six of the ten teachers’ characteristics items, nine of the ten pupils’ characteristics items and all the eleven parents’ characteristics items differed significantly between private and public primary schools. It was consequently recommended that the TSC, ministry of education and head teachers should stimulate the necessary motivation among public primary schools teachers, provide the necessary and adequate teaching and learning resources, as well as, encourage participation of parent in school teaching/ learning process, respectively.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aaronson, D., Barrow, L., & Sander, W. (N.D.).Teachers and Student Achievement in the Chicago Public High Schools. (2007). Journal of Labor Economics, 25(1), 95-135. Retrieved from https://faculty.smu.edu/millimet/classes/eco7321/papers/aaronson%20et%20al.pdf
Adeyemo, D. A. (2001).Teachers’ job satisfaction, job involvement, career and organizational commitments as correlates of student-academic performance.Nigerian Journal of Applied Psychology, 6 (2), 126–135. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/

Afe, J.O. (2001). Reflections on Becoming a Teacher and the Challenges of Teacher Education.Inaugural Lecture Series 64.Benin City: University of Benin, Nigeria

Ajila, C., &Olutola, A. (2000).Impact of parents’ socio-economic status on university pupils’ academic performance, Ife Journal of Educational Studies, 7(1), 31-39.

Akiri, A. A.&Nkechi, U. M.(2009).Teachers effectiveness and student’s academic performance in republic secondary schools in Delta State’, Nigeria, Journal of stud HomComm, sci 3(2):107-113. Retrieved from www.krepublishers.com/.../HCS-03-2-107-09-094-Akiri-A-A-Ab.pdf
Anderson, J. B. (2010). Factors affecting learning of Mexican primary school children.EstudiosEconomicos. 15(1),117-152. Retrievedfrom https://economics.mit.edu/files/11103

Angrist, J. D. &Lavy, V. (2011). Does teacher training affect pupil learning? Evidence From matched comparisons in Jerusalem public schools.Journal of Labor Economics.19(2), 343-369. Retrieved from
https://economics.mit.edu/files/11103

Arif, G. M. &Saqib, N. (2013). Production of cognitive and life skills in public, Private, and NGO schools in Pakistan. Pakistan Development Review.42(1):1-28. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/41260519


Chingos, M. M.& Peterson, P. E. (2011). It’s easier to pick a good teacher than to
train One: Familiar and new results on the correlates of teacher effectiveness. Economics of Education Review.30,449-465. Retrieved from
https://www.researchgate.net

DEO’s Office (2014).Igembe North District KCPE results. School analysis Ministry of Education.Meru, Kenya: DEO’s Office.

Education Watch, (2006). Retrieved from https://edtrust.org/resource/education-watch-state-reports-2006

Frenette, M, & Chan, P.C.W., (2015).Academic Outcomes of Public and Private High School Pupils What Lies Behind the Differences?Social Analysis and Modelling Division, Statistics. Canada

Gbadegesin, M. A., Kemi, O. A.&Adu, E. O.(2017). A Comparative Analysis of Pupils’ Performance in Economics in Private and Public Secondary Schools in Lagos State, Nigeria, Journal of Social Sciences, 44:2-3, 144-151, DOI: 10.1080/09718923.2015.11893473

Gewirtz, A. H. (2007). School based management and school effectives. London: Longman. Retrieved from www.tandfebooks.com/isbn/9781315824727

Griffins, S. (2006). The Knowledge Based Society. Bucharest: Economic Publishing House. Retrieved from www.sciencedirect.com/Goldhaber, D. D.&

Hareesol, K. I., Mohd S. O. F., &Mohamad, K. H. O. (2016).The Mathematics Performance of Primary School Pupils’ in Southern Thailand.International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development. Vol. 5, No. 3 ISSN: 2226-6348

Hula, S. (2003).A comparative study of factors that influence performance at KCPE in public and private schools, University of Nairobi, (Unpublished research report). Retrieved from erepository.uonbi.ac.ke/handle/11295/18069

Ireri, E. (2007). Factors influencing performance among primary and secondary
Schools in Western Province of Kenya. Unpublished research report Bureau of Educational Research: Kenyatta University Press. Retrieved from
https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED242620

Kathuri, N. J. & Pals, D. A. (1993).Introduction to Education Research.
Njoro::Egerton.University press

Koech, O. (2009). The Impacts of Head teachers’ Instructional Leadership on studentAcademic Achievement in Kenya. (Unpublished PhD Dissertation), Teachers College, Columbia University. Retrieved from
https://www.researchgate.net/.
Kombo, D. K. (2008). Educational Society and Development.New perspective from Kenya. Nairobi: Oxford University Press. Retrieved fromtransconpublishers.org/


Lydiah, L.M. &Nosongo, J.W. (2009).Role of the Head Teacher in Academic Achievement in Secondary Schools in Vihiga District, Kenya MasindeMuliro University of Science and Technology: Kenya. Retrieved frommaxwellsci.com/print/crjss/(3)84-92.pdf

MoEST (2003).Report of the Sector Review and Development. Nairobi: Government
Printer.

Morrison, B. &Heidtke, L. (2011).Causal Inference from Descriptions of Experimental and Non-Experimental Research: Public Understanding of Correlation-Versus-Causation. doi: abs/10.1080/00220670309598805

Mugambi, M. (2003). Performance in Kenya Certificate of Primary Examination (K.C.P.E). A case study of Central Imenti Division in Meru District.Un published M.ED thesis Kenyatta University.

Mugenda, O. M. &Mugenda, G.M. (2003).Research Methods, Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Nairobi: ACTS Press.

Olatunde, Y. P. (2009).Relationship between Teachers’ Attitudes and Pupils’ Academic Achievement in Mathematics in Nigeria.European Journal of Social Science, 11(3),364- 369. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/

Onyango, G. A. (2001). Competencies Needed by Secondary School Head teachers and Implications on Pre-service Education. (Unpublished PhD Thesis). Nairobi: Kenyatta University.

Orodho J. A. (2003). Factors that influence Girls performance in Science in
KCSE in Kericho District, with an Implication on counseling, University of Nairobi.(Unpublished Thesis Report).Nairobi, Kenya.

Oyetunyi, C.O. (2006). The Relationship between Leadership Style and School
Climate.Botswana Secondary Schools. University of South Africa Perspective Analysis of the Case of Hog Kong International Review of Education.

Rong’uno, S.K., (2017). Comparison of Academic Performance between Public and Private Secondary Schools in Wareng District, Kenya.British Journal of Education5(11)58-67, 58: ISSN 2054-6351 (print), ISSN 2054-636X (online)

Silvia, P. I. (2006). Exploring the Psychology of Interest .Retrieved from http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2006-03939-000.

Slater, E. et al (2009). Do teachers matter? Measuring the variation in teacher effectiveness in England. (Centre for Market and Public Organization (CMPO) Working Paper Series, number 09/212 Bristol: CMPO. Retrieved from www.bristol.ac.uk/cmpo/publications/papers/2009/wp212.pdf

Wachiye (2006).Who goes to school? Efficiency, Equity and Relevance in Secondary Schools Selection Election. Nairobi, Kenya: Publican University of Nairobi. Retrieved from https://www.povertyactionlab.org/

Wayne, J. &Youngs, P. (2003). Teacher characteristics and student gains: A review. Review of Educational Research. 73(1), 89-122. Retrieved
fromhttps://www.jstor.org/stable/3516044

Yator, M. J (2003).Factors that contribute to pupils’ poor performance in KCSE
Examination in Kabartonjo division, Baringo District. Retrieved from
erepository.uonbi.ac.ke/