Vol 5 No 9 (2019): International Journal For Research In Biology & Pharmacy (ISSN: 2208-2093)
Articles

Factors Affecting Acne

Professor Dr. Khalil Ahmad Behsoodwal
Lecturers of Histopathology Department, Medical Faculty, Nangarhar University
Teaching Assistant Dr. Qudratullah Rahimee
Lecturers of Histopathology Department, Medical Faculty, Nangarhar University
Published September 1, 2019
Keywords
  • Acne Vulgaris,
  • aggravating factors,
  • late onset,
  • Persistent
How to Cite
, P. D. K. A. B., & Teaching Assistant Dr. Qudratullah Rahimee. (2019). Factors Affecting Acne. International Journal For Research In Biology & Pharmacy (ISSN: 2208-2093), 5(9), 34-40. Retrieved from https://gnpublication.org/index.php/bp/article/view/1104

Abstract

Acne vulgaris is a common chronic skin disease involving blockage and /or inflammation of  pilosevaceous unit(hair follicles and their accompanying sebaceous gland)Acne can present as non-inflammatory lesions, inflammatory lesions, or a mixture of both, affecting mostly the face but also the back and chest

We studied the pattern of Acne in 110 patients with the sex ratio of 50 %( 55) male and 50 %( 55) female.  The age ranged from 13-47 years, the study design was descriptive case series, the study was carried out in Nangarhar University Teaching Hospital and clinics from November 2018 to June 2019 and assessed patients’ perceptions of factors having effect on their acne condition. Family history of acne was positive in 61% of patients, sweating, hot weather and emotional stress were known as aggravating factors by both sexes and premenstrual factors and cosmetics were confined to women. certain foods such as nuts , chocolate ,egg ,cakes and biscuits, spices and tea were known as exacerbator factors , finally we concluded that common aggravating factors are genetic ,nuts ,oily food, chocolate, spice ,cosmetic material , hot weather, milk, yogurt, tea and coffee and bettering factors are  vegetables and fruits, and the acne is the disease of adolescence specially affecting those aging 13-20 year. The moderate type of acne was the most common type while the sever type was the less common type.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Adityan B. Thappa DM. Profile of acne vulgaris –A hospital –based study from South India .Indian J Dermatol VenereoilLepro.2009;75:272-8.(pubMed)(google Scholar)
2. Aktan S, Ozmen E, Sanli B. anxiety, depression, and nature of acne vulgaris in adolescents. International journal of dermatology, 2000,39:354-7.
3. Ayres S Jr. acne vulgaris: correcting pathophysiologic defects versus antibacterial therapy. International journal of dermatology, 1986, 5:335-6.
4. Ayres S Jr, Mihan R. synergism of vitamin A and E in acne vulgris. International journal of dermatology, 1981,20:616.
5. Burton JLcunliffe WJ .Stafford I,Shuster S.The prevalence of acne vulgaris in adolescence.Br J Deramtol.1971;85:119-26
6. Cove H, Holland KT, cunliffe WJ. An analysis of sebum excretion rate, bacterial population and the production rate of ree fatty acids on human skin. British journal of dermatology, 1980,103:383-6.
7. Cunliffe WJ, ed. Acne, 1st ed. London, Dunitz, 1989:1-27.
8. Darley CR et al. circulating testosterone, sex hormone binding globulin and prolactin in women with late onset or persistent acne vulgaris. British journal of dermatology, 1982, 106:517 – 22.
9. Doshi A, Zaheer A, stiller MJ. A comparison of current acne grading systems and proposal of a novel system. International journal of dermatology, 1997,36:416-8.
10. Ebling FG. The endocrine background to acne. In : marks R, Plewig G, eds. Acne and related disorders. London, Dunitz, 1989,47-52.
11. Goulden V, Clark SM, Cunliffe WJ. Post – adolescent acne: a review of clinical features. British Journal of dermatology, 1997, 136:66-70.
12. Goulden V, McGowan CH, cunliffe WJ. The familial risk of adult acne: a comparison between first – degree realtives of affected and un affected individuals. British journal of dermatology, 1999,141:297-300.

13. Goulden V, Stables GI, Cunliffe WJ. Prevalence of facial acne in adults. Journal of the American academy of dermatology, 1999,41:577-80.
14. Healy E, Simpson N. Acne vulgaris. British medical journal, 1994, 308:831-3.
15. Holland DB et al. IgG subclasses in acne vulgaris, British journal of dermatology,1986,114:349-51.
16. Khunger N ,Kumar C. A clinico epidemiological study of adult acne: Indian JDermatoIVenereolLeprol. 2012;78:335-41
17. Layton AM.Disorders of the sebaceous glands.In: Burns T,Breathnach S,Cox N,Griffith C. editors.Rock’s Textbook of Dermatology .8th ed.UK:Wiley-Blackwell:2010 pp.42.17-89
18. Leeming JP, Holland KT, cunliffe WJ. The microbial colonization of inflamed acne vulgaris lesions. British Journal of dermatology, 1988, 118:203-8.
19. Marynick SP et al. androgen excess in cystic acne. New England journal of medicine, 1983,308:981-6.
20. Reingold SB, Rosen fieldRL.the relationship of mild hirsutism or acne in women to androgens. Archives of dermatology, 1987,123:209-12.
21. Rosenberg EW.acne diet reconsidered. Archives of dermatology, 1981,117:193-5.
22. Sardana K,Sharma RC .Sarkar R. Seasonal variation in acne vulgaris-Myth or reality.J Dermatol .2002;29:484-8
23. Schafer T et al. Epidemiology of acne in ghegernral population: the risk of smoking. British journal of dermatology, 2001,145:100-4
24. Seukeran DC, Cunliffe WJ. Acne vulgaris in the elderly: the response to low dose isotretinoin. British Journal of dermatology, 1998, 139:99-101.
25. Shaw JC, white LE. Persistent acne in adult women. Archives of dermatology, 2001,137(9):1252-3.
26. Stol S et al. the effect of the menstrual cycle on acne .journal of the American academy of dermatology , 2001, 45:957-60.
27. Swale V et al. Heriablility of common skin disease using the twin model. A UK twin study .british journal of dermatology, 1998,139:15-6 [abstract].
28. Tan JK, Vasey K, Fung KY. Beliefs and perceptions of patient with acne. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 2001,44:439-45.
29. Till AE et al. the cutaneous micro flora of adolescent, persistent and late-onset acne patients does not differ. British journal of dermatology, 2000,142(5):88502.
30. Truswell AS. ABC of nutrition. Children and adolescent. British medical journal, 1985, 291:397-9.
31. Webster GF. Acne vulgaris. British medical journal, 2002,325:475-9.