Study on Related Factors of Giardiasis in Nangarhar
- Giardia lamblia,
Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal For Research In Biology & Pharmacy (ISSN: 2208-2093)
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Giardia lamblia is the leading cause of water born diarrhea in developing countries that can increase the morbidity and mortality of children. Due to that fact, this study aims to investigate the common risk factors for mentioned issue in Nangarhar province.
A descriptive study was conducted from May 2018 to October 2018 through properly designed and self-administered questionnaires on 152(89male and 63 Female) patients with 1-18 years' age in Nangarhar Teaching Hospital and Nangarhar Regional Hospital Central Laboratory, located in Jalalabad city. After stool exam, positive individuals were interviewed, and registered with their lab records in questionnaires. Data were collected, organized and analyzed using SPSS Statistics 20(IBM, USA).
The median age for over all 152 included participants were 10(range 1-18) that 57.9% were males, children with 1.5-year age had the lowest incidence which was 0.7% and children of 12 years were the highest parasite incidence in the study (11.8%). 65.1% participants were from Jalalabad city. Majority of them were unmarried and illiterates. Highest percentage of them had not a job and many of them had a moderate economic status. 35.5% of the participants had animals in their home including cows, cats, sheep and dogs. 41.6% had used the dairy products in their daily routine meals.15.8percentage of them had other parasites in their stool samples which were H Nana, Entamoeba histolytica and Ascaris lumbricoidus.
According to the study results, G lamblia is the prevalent infection in Nangarhar province, which increases with age. This parasite has a high incidence in school age Children. Therefore, serious measures are required to educate the population properly for their social and environmental Hygiene.
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