Internal Governance, Management, and Democratic Participation: a Case study of the West Bank Organizations
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This article presents finding on Palestinian nongovernment organizations (NGOs) that are operating in the West Bank by addressing internal governance and accountability issues with relations to their general assemblies (GA), board of directors (BoDs), and democratic staff participation. The status of NGOs internal governance in the West Bank is very weak and this weakness because of absent of their governing bodies, management domination over organizations, and personal motives behind the creation of NGOs. Domination over organizations created by the self-interests of organizations founders (individuals or political affiliations). The finding shows two kinds of NGOs: organizations with closed membership are often adopted by large, urban-based NGOs, while community base organizations (CBO) are generally distinguished by a more-open membership and the centralization of power in few hands. Both kind of organization bodies are content to play the minimum of roles and convene the least number of sessions required by the law. In addition, NGOs staff, managers and BoDs have distanced themselves from public, and excluded their constituencies form accessibility to information and decision-making processes. Improving internal NGO governance needs more democratic practices and required that GA and BoDs members assume active roles complemented by grassroots orientation and participation in programming cycle as well as by disclosure of information to enhance public participation and accountability towards the public. This conclusion based on deep investigation uses a combination of qualitative and quantitative methodologies: survey, interview, and focus groups in the West Bank, gathering large data to build a theory from the field.
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