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The signing author(s) (and, in</p> (Virender Singh) (Rajbir Singh) Tue, 30 Apr 2019 06:35:25 +0000 OJS 60 Physicochemical properties of amaranth bars snack <p>The objective of this study was to evaluate the contribution of nutrients from an amaranth bar, normally useful to be consumed as snacks. Four formulations were elaborated with different proportions of amaranth and other ingredients commonly used in this type of products. The obtained results indicated that the formulations F2 and F3 were the preferred ones by the evaluating panelists, after which paired preference tests were carried out to define which of the bars would finally be the preferred one and analyzed in this study. The chemical composition of the bar (F2, chosen preferred) showed that it has a contribution of 10% protein, 12% of lipids and 69% of carbohydrates, having a caloric intake for each 100 grams of 424 kcal.</p> Romel E. Guzmán, Iker San Sebastián Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal For Research In Agricultural And Food Science (ISSN: 2208-2719) Sat, 06 Apr 2019 11:05:11 +0000 Dependences of livelihoods on animal genetic resource (AnGR) <p><em>Animal genetic resources (AnGR) encompass all the animal species, breeds and strains that are used now, as well as in the past and in the future - by humans for the purpose of food production and agriculture. Livestock play important roles in the production of food and for other purposes. The diversified use of livestock contributes valuable gross domestic product (GDP), critical to world food security in general and providing considerable global protein consumption. Significant percent of the world’s rural poor depend on livestock for their livelihood. Livestock therefore are of great socio-economic and cultural value in various societies around the world. AnGR form the basis and the building blocks of the global livestock economy, a sector that is currently valued at income source, employs significant number of people and is essential to the livelihoods of poor small-scale livestock keepers. To utilize valuable resources from AnGR the potential of indigenous breeds in developing countries is often inadequately documented and utilized. Similarly there is a great challenge to alleviate poverty in developing countries by producing more and safe food, especially of animal origin, against a shrinking animal genetic diversity and increased global trade. Global initiatives must be locally internalized and accompanied by local activities to implement conservation programs that increase animal productivity while maintaining the necessary genetic diversity. Demonstrate effective breeding strategies (which take into account environmental, socio-economic and infrastructure constraints) must be developed. Research and capacity building at all levels to improve the knowledge of indigenous and alternative AnGR in different regions of the developing world is required. Summarizing and proposing initiatives for this situation and implications for the future use of AnGR is deed important.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Hailu Assefa Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal For Research In Agricultural And Food Science (ISSN: 2208-2719) Tue, 30 Apr 2019 06:05:44 +0000 SOIL FERTILITY STATUS OF RESEARCH FARM KOONT FIELDS, RAWALPINDI, PUNJAB <p>This study was conducted to assess the soil fertility status of olive, citrus, sunflower, maize and grapes fields&nbsp;of Research Farm, Koont, &nbsp;Rawalpindi. During the study soil samples of these fields were analyzed for pH,&nbsp;ECe and organic matter. The results of the soil analysis indicated that soil pH is &nbsp;alkaline due to calcareous&nbsp;nature of soil. It has a good pH value almost neutral which is optimum for maximum growth for most of the&nbsp;crops. Soil electrical conductivity of examined fields was less than 4 dSm<sup>-1. </sup>Electrical conductivity of these&nbsp;fields is normal, so there is no danger of the excessiveness of toxic salts. Citrus field is the best on because it&nbsp;has low ECe value. Organic matter ranged from 0.23 to 1.16 percent. Organic matter is also present in&nbsp;sufficient quantities which show soil is productive.</p> Muhammad Arshad Ullah, Muhammad Usama Afzal, Muhammad Tariq Siddique, Muhammad Zeeshan Saleem Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal For Research In Agricultural And Food Science (ISSN: 2208-2719) Tue, 30 Apr 2019 06:13:29 +0000 Effect of NPK fertilizers on seedling growth of mangrove species <p>An experiment was conducted to assess the effect of NPK fertilizers on seedling growth and survival of five important mangrove species of Bangladesh for nine months. Seedlings were raised in the nursery using plastic pots. NPK fertilizers with three treatments (control, 4 gm and 8 gm doses) were used two times when seedlings age was 3 and 6 months. The result showed that seedlings height growth of <em>Excoecaria agallocha </em>was enhanced significantly with the application of NPK fertilizers but it was shown negatively significant effect on height growth of <em>Xylocarpus mekongensis</em> after second time fertilizer application. Moreover, NPK application enhanced mortality of <em>Avicennia officinalis</em> and <em>Ceriops decandra</em> seedlings in both times of fertilizer application. But no effect of NPK fertilizers on seedlings growth and survival of <em>Heritiera fomes</em> were observed.</p> Md. Abdul Quddus Miah, Md. Golam Moula Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal For Research In Agricultural And Food Science (ISSN: 2208-2719) Tue, 30 Apr 2019 06:18:44 +0000 Effect of NPS rate on yield and yield components of Upland rice (Oryza Sativa L.) in western region of Ethiopia. <p><em>The key elements that contributed</em> <em>to low rice productivity</em> <em>is such biotic, abiotic factors and inappropriate crop management practices. Moreover, application of balanced fertilizers is the basis to produce more crop yield from existing land under cultivation and nutrient needs of crops is according to their physiological requirements and expected yields. Thus, </em><em>a field experiment was conducted in 2016-2018 main cropping season from the end of may to end November at western oromiya on Bako and Chewaka locations to </em><em>improve soil fertility and increase yield of Rice in </em><em>East Wollega and West showa and to determine optimum level of NPS fertilizer for growth, economically feasible rates </em><em>that maximize </em><em>the yield of Rice in the area.</em><em> The treatments were factorial combination of seven rates of fertilizer (0, 25, 50, 75, 100, 125 kg/ha NPS) and one previous recommendation (100 kg/ha DAP) with two Rice varieties (chewaka and Nerika-4) and with uniform application 23 N kg/ha in randomized complete block design and replicated three times. The pre soil analysis indicates that the soil of experimental area is acidic (pH = 5.4) and medium in available Phosphorus (13 ppm).</em> <em>The main effect of</em> <em>Plant height, Panicle length and number of effective tiller were not influenced by NPS rate but significantly (P&lt;0.01) different due to variety both at Bako and Chewaka locations. But the main effect of Above ground biomass and Grain yield were significantly different at chewaka site. Though the other parameters were non-significantly affected, Grain yield of chewaka variety was significantly influenced due to the interaction effect of NPS rates and varieties at Bako. Thus, economic analysis revealed that 125 kg/ha NPS (47.5 P<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub>, 23.75 N and 8.75 kg/ha S) rate on chewaka variety gave grain yield (6454.8kg/ha) with the net benefit (61160.5 birr/ha) and the highest marginal rate of return (787.69%) are economically feasible alternative to the other treatments. Therefore it is advisable to use 125kg/ha NPS rate on chewaka variety since economically feasible to the farmers.</em></p> Bodena Guddisa , Fufa Anbassa Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal For Research In Agricultural And Food Science (ISSN: 2208-2719) Tue, 30 Apr 2019 06:23:45 +0000 Elemental Analysis Of Indian Green and Black Tea leaves using Hand Held X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometer <p>Green and black tea samples available in Indian markets were analyzed for their elemental composition using Hand held X-ray Fluorescence spectrometer. Twenty eight elements were analyzed in the tea leaves. Macronutrients detected in major proportions were K and Ca, while Zn, Fe, Cu, Mn, and Mg were the micronutrients detected in all the samples. Si, P and S were the nonmetals detected in the tea leaves.&nbsp; The samples also showed presence of rare earth metals like Ag, Sr, Rb, Nb and Mo.</p> Daisy Joseph, Mammen Denni, Ghanchi Ayesha Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal For Research In Agricultural And Food Science (ISSN: 2208-2719) Tue, 30 Apr 2019 06:31:18 +0000 MONITORING OF ATRAZINE IN SURFACE WATERS OF AN AGROECOSYSTEM IN THE PROVINCE OF CÓRDOBA (ARGENTINA) USING AN IMMUNOASSAY TECHNIQUE <p>Although the use of atrazine has been banned and restricted in several parts of the world, in Argentina this herbicide is still being used. The atrazine detection was made with a fast and relatively cost-effective immunoassay test whose major advantage lied in its ability to quantify with high accuracy both atrazine and its main metabolite, a useful aspect for monitoring and regulatory programs. The atrazine values found in surface water (0.05– 15.6 µg/L) and rainwater (0.23 – 0.73 µg/L) is an undeniable indicator of the impact that agricultural activities generate on the water resource in the Aeolian fluvial plain of Argentina. The major values were detected in the humid periods which also coincides with the herbicide application time.</p> Mariana Garcia, Veronica Lutri, Monica Blarasin, Edel Matteoda, Susana Bettera Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal For Research In Agricultural And Food Science (ISSN: 2208-2719) Tue, 30 Apr 2019 06:33:14 +0000